Pine: Pinus sylvestris
“There is a hill beside the silver Thames, Shady with birch and beech and odorous pine: And brilliant underfoot with thousand gems ....”
- Robert Bridges 1844-1930, There is a Hill
History: Pine is reported to be the only northern European tree to survive the Ice Ages. Pine oil can withstand temperatures as low as minus 40° F. The use of pine trunks, which grow to 120 feet, for sailing masts, caused the early destruction of many pine trees. Ancient Egyptians added pine kernels to their bread. Galen and Dioscorides recommended boiling pinecones with honey and horehound for “an old cough” and to “cleanse the chest and lungs”. The Native American Indians use pine in purification and smudging ceremonies, as a preventative for scurvy (the young tops), and to stuff floor mats for sleeping. Pine needle pillows have been used to aid breathing difficulties.
Parts Used: Pinus sylvestris oil is extracted from the fresh pine needles.
Characteristics: The essential oil is a white to pale yellow color and feels thin and dry when rubbed between the fingers. It has a sweet, woody, characteristic pine fragrance with a somewhat balsamic undertone, becoming increasingly sweet as it evaporates. The aroma of Pinus sylvestris is less disinfectant-like, which is more characteristic of Pinus palustris. It does not leave a stain on the perfume blotter.
This statement has not been evaluated by the FDA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.